Purchase this article with an account.
Sandeep Kumar, Hariharasubramanian Ramakrishnan, Suresh Viswanathan, Abram Akopian, Stewart A. Bloomfield; Neuroprotection of the Inner Retina Also Prevents Secondary Outer Retinal Pathology in a Mouse Model of Glaucoma. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2021;62(9):35. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.62.9.35.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
We examined structural and functional changes in the outer retina of a mouse model of glaucoma. We examined whether these changes are a secondary consequence of damage in the inner retina and whether neuroprotection of the inner retina also prevents outer retinal changes.
We used an established microbead occlusion model of glaucoma whereby intraocular pressure (IOP) was elevated. Specific antibodies were used to label rod and cone bipolar cells (BCs), horizontal cells (HCs), and retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), as well as synaptic components in control and glaucomatous eyes, to assess structural damage and cell loss. ERG recordings were made to assess outer retina function.
We found structural and functional damage of BCs, including significant cell loss and dendritic/axonal remodeling of HCs, following IOP elevation. The first significant loss of both BCs occurred at 4 to 5 weeks after microbead injection. However, early changes in the dendritic structure of RGCs were observed at 3 weeks, but significant changes in the rod BC axon terminal structure were not seen until 4 weeks. We found that protection of inner retinal neurons in glaucomatous eyes by pharmacological blockade of gap junctions or genetic ablation of connexin 36 largely prevented outer retinal damage.
Together, our results indicate that outer retinal impairments in glaucoma are a secondary sequalae of primary damage in the inner retina. The finding that neuroprotection of the inner retina can also prevent outer retinal damage has important implications with regard to the targets for effective neuroprotective therapy.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only