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Xi Chen, Shuilian Chen, Zihua Jiang, Qian Gong, Danni Tang, Qian Luo, Xuan Liu, Shengyu He, Anqi He, Yihui Wu, Jin Qiu, Yan Li, Xiao Wang, Keming Yu, Jing Zhuang; Ubiquitination-Related miRNA–mRNA Interaction Is a Potential Mechanism in the Progression of Retinoblastoma. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2021;62(10):3. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.62.10.3.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Retinoblastoma (RB) is the most common primary malignant intraocular cancer. The etiology of RB is complex, and the mechanisms driving its progression remain unclear. Here, we used a series of bioinformatics approaches and experimental methods to investigate the potential regulatory mechanism involved in RB progression.
The common differentially expressed genes were obtained from the public dataset GSE97508. Protein–protein interaction (PPI) network, correlation, and functional enrichment analyses were carried out. The candidate genes were verified in different RB cell lines, and ARPE19 cells served as control. miRNA–mRNA interaction analysis was performed and confirmed by real-time PCR. The CCK-8 assay was conducted to detect cell viability, and the transwell assay was utilized for evaluating the abilities of cell migration and invasion.
Overall, a total of 258 common differentially expressed genes associated with RB progression were screened out. The PPI network analysis further identified eight downregulated genes mainly enriched in the protein ubiquitination pathway. Moreover, we confirmed UBE2E1, SKP1, FBXO9, FBXO15, and RNF14 from among eight genes through experimental validation in vitro. Furthermore, miRNA–mRNA interaction and real-time PCR analysis of five hub genes revealed that ubiquitination-related miR-548k was involved in RB progression. Loss- and gain-of-function experiments demonstrated that miR-548k and its targets were essential for cell viability, migration, and invasion in the RB cells.
Our data indicate that the dysregulation of protein ubiquitination may play an important role in RB progression, and ubiquitination-related miR-548k may be a promising therapeutic target for RB.
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