Purchase this article with an account.
Amy Chow, Andrew E. Silva, Katelyn Tsang, Gabriel Ng, Cindy Ho, Benjamin Thompson; Binocular Integration of Perceptually Suppressed Visual Information in Amblyopia. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2021;62(12):11. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.62.12.11.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
The purpose of this study was to assess whether motion information from suppressed amblyopic eyes can influence visual perception.
Participants with normal vision (n = 20) and with amblyopia (n = 20; 11 anisometropic and 9 strabismic/mixed) viewed dichoptic, orthogonal drifting gratings through a mirror stereoscope. Participants continuously reported form and motion percepts as gratings rivaled for 60 seconds. Responses were binned into categories ranging from binocular integration to complete suppression. Periods when the grating presented to the nondominant/amblyopic eye was suppressed were analyzed further to determine the extent of binocular integration of motion.
Individuals with amblyopia experienced longer periods of non-preferred eye suppression than controls. When the non-preferred eye grating was suppressed, binocular integration of motion occurred 48.1 ± 6.2% and 31.2 ± 5.8% of the time in control and amblyopic participants, respectively. Periods of motion integration from the suppressed eye were significantly non-zero for both groups.
Visual information seen only by a suppressed amblyopic eye can be binocularly integrated and influence the overall visual percept. These findings reveal that visual information subjected to interocular suppression can still contribute to binocular vision and suggest the use of appropriate optical correction for the amblyopic eye to improve image quality for binocular combination.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only