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Azzeddine Mokrane, Abir Zureik, Sophie Bonnin, Ali Erginay, Carlo Lavia, Alain Gaudric, Ramin Tadayoni, Aude Couturier; Retinal Sensitivity Correlates With the Superficial Vessel Density and Inner Layer Thickness in Diabetic Retinopathy. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2021;62(14):28. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.62.14.28.
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The purpose of this paper was to present our study on the relationship between the parafoveal sensitivity measured using microperimetry and the vessel density (VD) assessed by optical coherence tomography-angiography (OCT-A) in eyes with diabetic retinopathy (DR).
The observational case series was conducted in a tertiary ophthalmology center. Eyes with DR and without macular edema were consecutively included. All eyes underwent microperimetry and OCT-A. The correlation between the regional retinal sensitivity and the corresponding local capillary changes and structural alterations seen on OCT-A was assessed in each retinal quadrant.
Thirty-seven eyes of 21 patients were included. The mean retinal sensitivity was 28.7 ± 2 decibel (dB). The mean parafoveal VD was 43.2 ± 4.2% in the superficial capillary plexus (SCP) and 48.1 ± 3.3% in the deep capillary complex (DCC). In the multivariate linear regression model, the mean retinal sensitivity was positively correlated with the VD in the SCP in the parafoveal ring (P = 0.01) and with the inner nuclear layer (INL) thickness (P = 0.01). The qualitative analysis of each quadrant showed the presence of areas of capillary dropout with a normal sensitivity. Conversely, all areas of decreased sensitivity (<25 dB) were associated with a decreased VD in the SCP and the DCC.
The parafoveal sensitivity positively correlated with the VD in the SCP in DR eyes. Areas with a low retinal sensitivity were always co-located with a loss of capillaries in the SCP and the DCC despite preserved outer retinal layers.
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