Purchase this article with an account.
Catherine Cheng; EphA2 and Ephrin-A5 Guide Eye Lens Suture Alignment and Influence Whole Lens Resilience. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2021;62(15):3. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.62.15.3.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Fine focusing of light by the eye lens onto the retina relies on the ability of the lens to change shape during the process of accommodation. Little is known about the cellular structures that regulate elasticity and resilience. We tested whether Eph–ephrin signaling is involved in lens biomechanical properties.
We used confocal microscopy and tissue mechanical testing to examine mouse lenses with genetic disruption of EphA2 or ephrin-A5.
Confocal imaging revealed misalignment of the suture between each shell of newly added fiber cells in knockout lenses. Despite having disordered sutures, loss of EphA2 or ephrin-A5 did not affect lens stiffness. Surprisingly, knockout lenses were more resilient and recovered almost completely after load removal. Confocal microscopy and quantitative image analysis from live lenses before, during, and after compression revealed that knockout lenses had misaligned Y-sutures, leading to a change in force distribution during compression. Knockout lenses displayed decreased separation of fiber cell tips at the anterior suture at high loads and had more complete recovery after load removal, which leads to improved whole-lens resiliency.
EphA2 and ephrin-A5 are needed for normal patterning of fiber cell tips and the formation of a well-aligned Y-suture with fiber tips stacked on top of previous generations of fiber cells. The misalignment of lens sutures leads to increased resilience after compression. The data suggest that alignment of the Y-suture may constrain the overall elasticity and resilience of the lens.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only