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Mengxi Shen, Hao Zhou, Kiyoung Kim, Qiyu Bo, Jie Lu, Rita Laiginhas, Xiaoshuang Jiang, Quan Yan, Prashanth Iyer, Omer Trivizki, Yingying Shi, Luis de Sisternes, Mary K. Durbin, William Feuer, Giovanni Gregori, Ruikang K. Wang, Xiaodong Sun, Fenghua Wang, Seung-Young Yu, Philip J. Rosenfeld; Choroidal Changes in Eyes With Polypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy After Anti-VEGF Therapy Imaged With Swept-Source OCT Angiography. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2021;62(15):5. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.62.15.5.
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Swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography was used to investigate choroidal changes and their association with pigment epithelial detachments (PEDs) in eyes with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) after treatment with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitors.
Patients with treatment-naïve PCV were included and underwent anti-VEGF therapy. Mean choroidal thickness (MCT), choroidal vascularity index (CVI), and PED volume measurements were obtained before and after treatment.
Thirty-four treatment-naïve PCV eyes from 33 patients were included. The PED volume decreased after treatment (P < 0.05). The MCT decreased from 223.0 ± 79.6 µm at baseline to 210.9 ± 76.2 µm after treatment (P < 0.001). The CVI at baseline was 0.599 ± 0.024, and the CVI after treatment was 0.602 ± 0.023 (P = 0.16). There was a correlation between the decreased PED volumes and the decreased MCT measurements (r = 0.47; P = 0.006). Also, there was a correlation between the decreased PED volumes and the increased CVI measurements (r = −0.63; P < 0.001).
In treatment-naïve eyes with PCV, the decreases in PED volumes were correlated with the decrease in MCT and the increase in CVI measurements. We propose that, at baseline, the PCV lesions serve as high-volume arteriovenous shunts between choroidal arterial and venous circulation, causing transudation into the choroidal stroma. We propose that, after treatment, the blood flow through the vascular shunt is reduced, the excess stromal transudation is resorbed, and the exudation from the neovascular lesion is reduced, resulting in thinning of the choroid, resolution of the PEDs, and an increase in the CVI due to the resorption of excess choroidal transudation.
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