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Fabio Scarinci, Francesca Romana Patacchioli, Eliana Costanzo, Mariacristina Parravano; Relationship of Choroidal Vasculature and Choriocapillaris Flow With Alterations of Salivary α-Amylase Patterns in Central Serous Chorioretinopathy. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2021;62(15):19. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.62.15.19.
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An abnormality in choroidal vasculature is a known factor in the pathogenesis of central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC), a chorioretinal disease affecting mostly middle-aged males. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the role of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) in the pathophysiology of CSC.
This was a cross-sectional observational study in which characteristic choroidal vasculature metrics were assessed by measuring the subfoveal choroidal thickness (FCT) and the choroidal vascularity index (CVI) using the imaging technique of enhanced-depth imaging spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (EDI-SD-OCT). Furthermore, flow signal void area features were also evaluated in the study population using OCT angiography (OCTA). Diurnal patterns of salivary α-amylase (a-AMY) production, proposed as a marker of autonomic activity, were assessed in an adult male study population affected by acute naïve CSC in comparison with matched healthy controls.
Results include an overall higher diurnal output of salivary a-AMY production, which is in line with the phenomenon of a sympathetic “drive” playing a role in the pathophysiology of CSC, and a flattened diurnal percentage variation in α-AMY in CSC-affected subjects. Furthermore, Pearson's coefficient test revealed statistically significant correlations between salivary α-AMY diurnal percentage variation and selected choroidal imaging biomarkers (FCT, CVI, and flow signal void area). Finally, multiple linear regression analysis identified salivary α-AMY diurnal percentage production as the sole predictor of the CVI and flow signal void area in the study population.
Autonomic nervous system dysregulation was highlighted in CSC patients.
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