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Yu Jia, Qingqing Ye, Shenglan Zhang, Lei Feng, Jing Liu, Zixuan Xu, Yijing Zhuang, Yunsi He, Yusong Zhou, Xiaolan Chen, Ying Yao, Rengang Jiang, Benjamin Thompson, Jinrong Li; Contrast Sensitivity and Stereoacuity in Successfully Treated Refractive Amblyopia. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2022;63(1):6. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.63.1.6.
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To assess whether monocular contrast sensitivity and stereoacuity impairments remain when visual acuity is fully recovered in children with refractive amblyopia.
A retrospective review of 487 patients diagnosed with refractive amblyopia whose visual acuity improved to 0.08 logMAR or better in both eyes following optical treatment was conducted. Measurements of monocular contrast sensitivity and stereoacuity had been made when visual acuity normalized. All patients had been treated with refractive correction for approximately 2 years following diagnosis. No other treatments were provided. Monocular contrast sensitivity was measured using the CSV-1000E chart for children 6 years of age or younger and a psychophysical technique called the quick contrast sensitivity function in older children. Stereoacuity was measured using the Random Dot Test that includes monocular cues and the Randot Stereoacuity Test that does not have monocular cues.
Statistically significant interocular differences in contrast sensitivity were observed. These differences tended to occur at higher spatial frequencies (12 and 18 cycles per degree). Stereoacuity within the age-specific normal range was achieved by 47.4% of patients for the Random Dot Test and only 23.1% of patients for the Randot Stereoacuity Test.
Full recovery of visual acuity following treatment for refractive amblyopia does not equalize interocular contrast sensitivity or restore normal stereopsis. Alternative therapeutic approaches that target contrast sensitivity and/or binocular vision are required.
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