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Ethan Bensinger, Yiyi Wang, Austin Roorda; Patches of Dysflective Cones in Eyes With No Known Disease. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2022;63(1):29. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.63.1.29.
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To characterize the structure and function of patches of dysflective cones in the foveal region of subjects with normal vision and no known pathology. Dysflective cones are cones that have little or no reflective properties in optical coherence tomography (OCT) or adaptive optics scanning laser ophthalmoscope (AOSLO) images yet exhibit measurable function.
AOSLO images were surveyed for the presence of hyporeflective cone patches, and subjects were brought back for imaging to determine the changes in the hyporeflective region. Adaptive optics microperimetry (AOMP) was used to assess the function of hyporeflective patches in four subjects to determine that they did, in fact, contain dysflective cones. AOMP utilized a stimulus size of less than 1 arcmin to measure thresholds inside and outside the hyporeflective region.
Nineteen out of 47 individuals retrospectively reviewed had one or more regions with hyporeflective cone patches in one or both eyes. Ten subjects with hyporeflective cone patches were brought back for imaging. Seven of the 10 had resolved at follow up, and in three subjects new hyporeflective patches appeared in a different location. All AOMP-measured subjects had measurable function in the dysflective cone region. Three out of four subjects showed no difference in light sensitivity in the dysflective region compared to adjacent areas, and one subject showed a 3× reduction in sensitivity in the area.
Patches of dysflective cone have been identified in subjects with normal vision and no known pathology, and we have observed instances where dysflective cones in these subjects regain normal reflective properties.
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