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Dan Ye, Yue Xu, Yuxun Shi, Jianping Ji, Xi Lu, Hailiu Chen, Rong Huang, Peng Lu, Yunxuan Li, Lu Cheng, Yangyunhui Li, Kaixuan Cui, Xiaoyu Tang, Lixia Luo, Jingjing Huang; Occurrence of Oxidative Stress and Premature Senescence in the Anterior Segment of Acute Primary Angle-Closure Eyes. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2022;63(1):34. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.63.1.34.
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To explore whether oxidative stress and premature senescence occur in the anterior segment of acute primary angle-closure (APAC) eyes after increased intraocular pressure.
The eye samples of 21 APAC patients, 22 age-related cataract patients, and 10 healthy donors were included. Aqueous humor (AqH), iris, and anterior lens capsule samples were collected. The levels of oxidative stress markers and senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP)–related cytokines in AqH were estimated using relevant reagent kits and multiplex bead immunoassay technique. The intensity of relevant markers in anterior segment tissues was examined by immunofluorescence- and senescence-associated β-galactosidase (SA-β-gal) staining.
Oxidative stress marker levels elevated significantly in the AqH of APAC eyes. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine levels were positively correlated with preoperative peak intraocular pressure and age, whereas reduced glutathione/oxidized glutathione (GSH/GSSH) ratio was negatively correlated with both parameters. The levels of several SASP-related cytokines were markedly increased. ROS and malondialdehyde levels were positively correlated with the levels of some SASP-related cytokines, whereas superoxide dismutase level and GSH/GSSH ratio showed an opposite trend. The number of cells positive for oxidative mitochondrial DNA damage and apoptosis-related markers increased in the iris and anterior lens capsule of the APAC group. Senescence-associated markers (p16, p21, and p53) and SA-β-gal activity were increased in the iris of the APAC group.
Oxidative stress and premature senescence occurred in the anterior segment of APAC patients, suggesting that they may be involved in the development of pathological changes in the anterior segment of APAC eyes.
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