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Yue Wang, Xue Wang, Yue-Xia Wang, Yuan Ma, Yu Di; The Long-Noncoding RNA TUG1 Regulates Oxygen-Induced Retinal Neovascularization in Mice via MiR-299. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2022;63(1):37. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.63.1.37.
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The oxygen-induced retinal neovascularization mouse model closely approximates pathological changes associated with human retinal neovascularization-associated diseases, including retinopathies. We used this model and human retinal endothelial cells (HRECs) under hypoxia to explore the relationship between taurine upregulated gene-1 (TUG1), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and miR-299-3p on retinopathy of prematurity (ROP).
An oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR) mouse model was established; the mice were divided into a normal control group, OIR group, TUG1 control group (lentivirus control), and TUG1-knockdown group. The apoptosis of retinal cells was evaluated using a TUNEL assay. Angiogenic, apoptotic, and inflammatory factors were detected by Western blot, immunohistochemistry, and immunofluorescence analyses. HRECs were cultured under hypoxia and assessed for VEGF expression, apoptosis, tubule formation, and migration ability. The relationship between TUG1, VEGF, and miR-299-3p was detected via a dual luciferase reporter gene assay.
Intravitreal injection of TUG1 lentivirus reduced the inflammatory response in the mouse retinal tissue and markedly reduced pathological changes in the retina. Overexpression of miR-299 in HRECs reduced the apoptosis rate, tube formation, and migration ability of hypoxia-treated cells, thereby inhibiting the formation of new blood vessels. The dual luciferase reporter gene assay suggested that miR-299 has binding sites for TUG1 and VEGF.
TUG1 reduces the expression of VEGFA by competitively adsorbing miR-299-3p and facilitates the regulation of retinal neovascularization, suggesting that it may serve as a new therapeutic target for retinal neovascular diseases.
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