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Jiahe Gan, Shi-Ming Li, David A. Atchison, Meng-Tian Kang, Shifei Wei, Xi He, Weiling Bai, He Li, Yuting Kang, Zhining Cai, Lei Li, Zi-Bing Jin, Ningli Wang; Association Between Color Vision Deficiency and Myopia in Chinese Children Over a Five-Year Period. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2022;63(2):2. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.63.2.2.
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To explore the relationship of color vision deficiency with myopia progression and axial elongation in Chinese primary school children during a five-year cohort study.
A total of 2849 grade 1 students (aged 7.1 ± 0.4 years) from 11 primary schools were enrolled and followed up for five years. Cycloplegic autorefraction and axial length were measured annually. Color vision testing was performed using Ishihara's test and the City University color vision test.
The prevalence of color vision deficiency was 1.68%, with 2.81% in boys and 0.16% in girls. Color-deficient cases consisted of 91.6% deutan and 8.3% protan. Over the five years, the cumulative incidence of myopia was 35.4% (17/48) in the color-vision deficiency group, which was lower than the 56.7% (1017/1794) in the color normal group (P = 0.004). Over the five-year study period, the change in spherical equivalent refraction in the color vision–deficiency group (−1.81 D) was also significantly lower than that in the color normal group (−2.41 D) (P = 0.002).
The lower incidence and slower progression of myopia in children with color-vision deficiency over the five-year follow-up period suggest that color-deficient individuals are less susceptible to myopia onset and development.
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