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Xia Gong, Wei Wang, Kun Xiong, Lanhua Wang, Wangting Li, Yuting Li, Meng Yuan, Xiao Guo, Shaochong Zhang, Xiaoling Liang, Hua Liu, Wenyong Huang; Associations Between Peripapillary Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer and Choroidal Thickness With the Development and Progression of Diabetic Retinopathy. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2022;63(2):7. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.63.2.7.
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To evaluate the role of the peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL) and peripapillary choroidal thickness (pCT) in the development and progression of diabetic retinopathy (DR).
This is a cohort study based on the baseline and 2-year follow-up data of the Guangzhou Diabetic Eye Study. Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus between the ages of 30 and 80 years were recruited from communities in Guangzhou. DR was graded by seven-field fundus photography after dilation of the pupil. pRNFL and pCT were measured via swept-source optical coherence tomography.
A total of 895 patients were included in the study; of these, 748 did not have DR at baseline and 147 had DR at baseline. During the 2-year follow-up, 80 developed DR (10.7%), and 11 experienced DR progression (7.5%). After adjusting for confounding factors, a higher risk of incident DR was strongly associated with a lower average thickness of the pRNFL (risk ratio [RR] per 1 SD, 0.55; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.42–0.72; P < 0.001) and average pCT (RR per 1 SD, 0.49; 95% CI, 0.34–0.70; P < 0.001). Adding both metrics to the DR prediction model significantly improved the discriminant ability of the model for incidences of DR (area under the curve increased by 15.38% from 0.673 to 0.777; P < 0.001).
Neurodegeneration shown by the thinning of pRNFL and impaired choroidal circulation shown by the thinning of pCT are independently associated with DR onset, and assessing both metrics can improve the risk assessment for DR incidences.
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