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Jiwon Baek, Hae-Young Lopilly Park, Seong Ah Kim, Kyung Euy Hong, Soo Ji Jeon, Da Young Shin, Younhea Jung, Chan Kee Park; Parapapillary Choroidal Microvasculature Dropout in Branched Retinal Vein Occlusion and Glaucoma. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2022;63(3):27. https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.63.3.27.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To investigate parapapillary choroidal microvasculature dropout (MvD) in branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) patients and compare them with open-angle glaucoma (OAG) patients using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A).
In total, 85 eyes of BRVO patients and 85 eyes of OAG patients, matched by age, spherical equivalent, and baseline mean deviation (MD) of the visual field (VF), were assessed. MvD was defined as complete loss of microvasculature within the choroidal layer on OCT-A. Linear regression analysis was used to obtain the slope of the MD change of the VF.
The presence of MvD on OCT-A was significantly more frequent in OAG eyes (63.1%) compared to BRVO eyes (31.8%). BRVO eyes with MvD showed worse baseline MD of the VF than BRVO eyes without MvD (−10.19 ± 8.50 and −7.77 ± 6.46 dB, respectively; P = 0.045). The presence of MvD was the only factor significantly associated with MD change of the VF in OAG eyes. Lower baseline average RNFL thickness, greater MvD angle, and lower macular superficial vessel density were significantly associated with MD change of the VF in BRVO eyes.
OCT-A of the parapapillary area showed choroidal microvasculature impairment in both BRVO and OAG patients. However, the frequency was higher in glaucoma patients with similar degrees of VF damage, which suggests that the glaucomatous process contributes to MvD development. The effect of MvD on VF change was different between BRVO and OAG, suggesting that the underlying pathogenesis may also be different.
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