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Ling Gong, Lili Wei, Xi Yu, Alexandre Reynaud, Robert F. Hess, Jiawei Zhou; The Orientation Selectivity of Dichoptic Masking Suppression is Contrast Dependent in Amblyopia. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2022;63(6):9. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.63.6.9.
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We aimed to study the effect of stimulus contrast on the orientation selectivity of interocular interaction in amblyopia using a dichoptic masking paradigm.
Eight adults with anisometropic or mixed amblyopia and 10 control adults participated in our study. The contrast threshold in discriminating a target Gabor in the tested eye was measured with mean luminance in the untested eye, as well as with a bandpass oriented filtered noise in the other eye at low spatial frequency (0.25 c/d). Threshold elevation, which represents interocular suppression, was assessed using a the dichoptic masking paradigm (i.e. the contrast threshold difference between the target only and masked conditions), for each eye. Orientation selectivity of the interocular suppression as reflected by dichoptic masking was quantified by the difference between the parallel and orthogonal masking configurations. Two levels of mask's contrast (3 times or 10 times that of an individual's contrast threshold) were tested in this study.
The strength of dichoptic masking suppression was stronger at high, rather than low mask contrast in both amblyopic and control subjects. Normal controls showed orientation-dependent dichoptic masking suppression both under high and low contrast levels. However, amblyopes showed orientation-tuned dichoptic masking suppression only under the high contrast level, but untuned under the low contrast level.
We demonstrate that interocular suppression assessed by dichoptic masking is contrast-dependent in amblyopia, being orientation-tuned only at high suprathreshold contrast levels of the mask.
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