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Yuval Cohen, Muhammad Mahajnah, Michael Idel, Yehuda Greenberger, Aviv Vidan, Otzem Chassid; The Association between Refraction and Conners' parent rating scale in Children between 6-12 Years of Age. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2022;63(7):1426 – F0384.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To associate between the child behavioral problem as determined by the Conners' parent rating scale (CPRS) to cycloplegic refraction and ocular biometry.
Children, between the age 6-12 years, visiting the pediatric ophthalmology clinic for suspected ammetropia were recruited to the study. A complete eye exam, cycloplegic refraction and ocular biometry using Lenstar ocular biometry were performed. For each child, CPRS was completed and scored for seven behavioral problems and three attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) subtypes. Correlation was performed between CPRS reports to refraction and ocular biometry.
Children with emmetropia (N-21) and hyperopia (N-132) were included. CPRS for ADHD was positive 27.2% of the hyperopic children, as compared to 9.5% among emmetropes. Hyperopic children had significantly high cognitive problems and oppositional behavior that present in 24.6% and 21.5%, respectively. Hyperopic children with positive and negative CPRS for ADHD had similar spherical power of +3.2±2.1 D and +3.7±2.7 D (p=0.52), however the cylinder was significantly higher in the positive CPRS for ADHD (p=0.02).
Conners' parental scoring for ADHD was positive three times more in hyperopes than emmetropes. Astigmatism in a hyperopic child was associated with positive CPRS for ADHD.
This abstract was presented at the 2022 ARVO Annual Meeting, held in Denver, CO, May 1-4, 2022, and virtually.
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