June 2022
Volume 63, Issue 7
Open Access
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   June 2022
Assessment of diversity and inclusion information in ophthalmology residency program websites
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Nahomy Ledesma Vicioso
    Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, New York, United States
  • Fasika Woreta
    Johns Hopkins Medicine Wilmer Eye Institute, Baltimore, Maryland, United States
  • Grace Sun
    Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, New York, United States
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships   Nahomy Ledesma Vicioso None; Fasika Woreta None; Grace Sun None
  • Footnotes
    Support  None
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science June 2022, Vol.63, 1082 – A0177. doi:
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      Nahomy Ledesma Vicioso, Fasika Woreta, Grace Sun; Assessment of diversity and inclusion information in ophthalmology residency program websites. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2022;63(7):1082 – A0177.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Purpose : Prospective ophthalmology applicants, particularly racial and ethnic minorities, heavily consider program factors related to program culture and commitment to diversity when researching residency programs. We performed a cross-sectional study to evaluate for the presence of predetermined diversity and inclusion criteria in US ophthalmology program websites. We tested the hypothesis that larger programs and high program rank were more likely to be associated with presence of the diversity and inclusion criteria.

Methods : A complete list of 125 US ophthalmology residency programs was obtained from the Fellowship and Residency Electronic Interactive Database (FREIDA) in May 2021. A total of 121 program website links were found through FREIDA or Google Search and were included in the analysis.
Program characteristics like program size (number of PGY2- PGY4 residents) and whether the program ranked within the top 20 “Best Hospitals for Ophthalmology” per the 2020 U.S. News & World Report were collected. A descriptive analysis was performed. Fisher’s exact tests were used to compare proportions.

Results : Out of 121 program websites reviewed, 29 (24%) met at least 1 of the 6 predetermined diversity and inclusion criteria. Of these 29, 9 (7%) had mention of diversity in mission statement, program director’s statement or department chair’s message, 17 (14%) had a standalone diversity statement, 9 (7%) had information about a rotation or elective for minority students, 11 (9%) had mention of diversity initiatives, 7 (6%) had a diversity page or section, 6 (5%) mentioned appointed diversity leadership. Programs with more than 12 residents (OR 3.58; CI 1.39-9.55; p=0.0039) and programs ranked within the top 20 “Best Hospitals for Ophthalmology” (OR 3.28; CI 1.05-10.1; p=0.023) were more likely to have at least 1 of the diversity and inclusion criteria on their website.

Conclusions : The majority of ophthalmology residency programs do not have mention of, or information regarding, diversity and inclusion on their websites. Larger and higher-ranked programs are more likely to mention or portray their commitment to diversity on their residency website.

This abstract was presented at the 2022 ARVO Annual Meeting, held in Denver, CO, May 1-4, 2022, and virtually.


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