June 2022
Volume 63, Issue 7
Open Access
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   June 2022
Pigment epithelium-derived factor induces CRX alterations in the mouse retina.
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Ivan Rebustini
    Section of Protein Structure and Function, LRCMB-NEI-NIH, National Eye Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, United States
  • Susan E. Crawford
    Dept. Surgery, NorthShore University Research Institute, University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, United States
  • S.Patricia Becerra
    Section of Protein Structure and Function, LRCMB-NEI-NIH, National Eye Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, United States
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships   Ivan Rebustini None; Susan Crawford None; S.Patricia Becerra None
  • Footnotes
    Support  1ZIAEY000306-26
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science June 2022, Vol.63, 1764 – F0313. doi:
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      Ivan Rebustini, Susan E. Crawford, S.Patricia Becerra; Pigment epithelium-derived factor induces CRX alterations in the mouse retina.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2022;63(7):1764 – F0313.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Purpose : The gene Serpinf1 encodes for Pigment Epithelium-Derived Factor (PEDF), which protects photoreceptors from cell death. The Serpinf1 null mouse exhibits normal retinal function; however, PEDF deficiency increases retinal degeneration susceptibility in the rd10 mouse. CRX is a transcription factor that regulates expression of several photoreceptor specific genes, including opsins and phosphodiesterase. This study aims to explore whether regulation of CRX activation is one mechanism by which PEDF exerts photoreceptor survival.

Methods : Serpinf1-/-, Serpinf1+/- and Serpinf1+/+ mice at 3 months of age were used. Mouse retinal explant cultures we prepared and treated with recombinant human PEDF. Zaprinast (a PDE inhibitor) was added to induce photoreceptor death. Photoreceptor cell death was determined using PSVue-550, a visible fluorescent probe for phosphatidylserine detection on the surface of cells. Subcellular distribution of CRX, PDE6A and pan-acetylation was detected by immunofluorescence. The transcriptional levels of Crx, Pde6a, Rho, Opn1mw and Opn1sw were assessed using qPCR.

Results : PEDF treatment induced the expression of Crx and its regulated genes Pde6a, Opn1mw and Opn1sw. PEDF also enhanced the CRX immunoreactivity in the nuclei of photoreceptors. In contrast, the nuclear CRX immunoreactivity was suppressed in photoreceptors from retinas of Serpinf1-/- mice deficient of PEDF. PDE6A immunoreactivity also decreased in Serpinf1-/- photoreceptors compared to those from Serpinf1+/+ mice. Histone acetylation was detected in discrete photoreceptors in Serpinf1+/+ but was undetectable in the Serpinf1-/- retinas. Zaprinast-induced photoreceptor death was more pronounced in Serpinf1-/- retinal explants than in wild type controls. PEDF pre-treatment prior to the zaprinast treatment improved photoreceptor survival and enhanced CRX immunoreactivity in both Serpinf1-/- and Serpinf1+/+ retinal explants.

Conclusions : The findings imply that PEDF activated the CRX-associated transcription factor network. They provide a novel insight linking extracellular PEDF to nuclear CRX during photoreceptor survival.

This abstract was presented at the 2022 ARVO Annual Meeting, held in Denver, CO, May 1-4, 2022, and virtually.


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