June 2023
Volume 64, Issue 8
Open Access
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   June 2023
Financial ties of American Academy of Ophthalmology Preferred Practice Pattern authors
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Jack McCloskey
    Rutgers The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States
  • Hassaam Choudhry
    Rutgers New Jersey Medical School Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Science, Newark, New Jersey, United States
  • Alexandra Sanchez
    Rutgers New Jersey Medical School Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Science, Newark, New Jersey, United States
  • Rachel Bartelson
    Rutgers New Jersey Medical School Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Science, Newark, New Jersey, United States
  • Aman Patel
    Rutgers New Jersey Medical School Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Science, Newark, New Jersey, United States
  • Albert S. Khouri
    Rutgers New Jersey Medical School Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Science, Newark, New Jersey, United States
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships   Jack McCloskey None; Hassaam Choudhry None; Alexandra Sanchez None; Rachel Bartelson None; Aman Patel None; Albert Khouri None
  • Footnotes
    Support  None
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science June 2023, Vol.64, 5382. doi:
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      Jack McCloskey, Hassaam Choudhry, Alexandra Sanchez, Rachel Bartelson, Aman Patel, Albert S. Khouri; Financial ties of American Academy of Ophthalmology Preferred Practice Pattern authors. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2023;64(8):5382.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Purpose : Preferred practice patterns (PPPs) by the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) are constantly reviewed for proper methodology free of bias and up-to-date information. This study aims to investigate the industry financial ties of the authors of recent PPPs from the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO).

Methods : The most cited PPP of each unique AAO author committee since 2016 was reviewed. Each author’s name was queried in the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Open Payments Database. The Council of Medical Specialty Societies (CMSS) recommends PPP authors to not engage in new financial relationships with affected companies for at least one year following publication. Hence, for each PPP the author was on, from the start of the PPP’s literature search to one year post-publication, data on every payment was exported. Mann Whitney U-tests were performed to discern if there was significant difference between the mean payments by authors pre and post PPP publication.

Results : Out of the eight PPPs included in analysis, all eight had at least one author receiving $1,000 or more in industry payments, while six had authors receiving payments over $10,000. The median research payment was $1668.20 while the median general payment was $750.00. While 43% of the payments were undisclosed in nature, approximately 30% of the payments were consulting fees. For the five PPPs where authors received payments both before and after publication, no significant difference was observed in mean value of payment.

Conclusions : Our results suggest that industry financial ties exist for AAO PPP authors. No statistical difference was noted between payment amounts to authors pre- and post-publication for any individual PPP. PPPs should continue to be assessed rigorously for transparency of financial disclosures to ensure they continue to remain free of bias.

This abstract was presented at the 2023 ARVO Annual Meeting, held in New Orleans, LA, April 23-27, 2023.

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