June 2023
Volume 64, Issue 8
Open Access
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   June 2023
Trends in the perception of race and gender within ophthalmology research
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Siddhant Kumarapuram Ganapath
    Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Piscataway, New Jersey, United States
  • Hassaam Choudhry
    Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey, United States
  • Jason Dossantos
    The George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, District of Columbia, United States
  • Danielle Cui
    Rutgers The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States
  • Hannaan Choudhry
    Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey, United States
  • Mona Kaleem
    Johns Hopkins Medicine Wilmer Eye Institute, Baltimore, Maryland, United States
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships   Siddhant Kumarapuram Ganapath None; Hassaam Choudhry None; Jason Dossantos None; Danielle Cui None; Hannaan Choudhry None; Mona Kaleem Sight Sciences, Code C (Consultant/Contractor), Abell Foundation, The Wilmer Pooled Professor Fund, Code F (Financial Support)
  • Footnotes
    Support  None
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science June 2023, Vol.64, 5372. doi:
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      Siddhant Kumarapuram Ganapath, Hassaam Choudhry, Jason Dossantos, Danielle Cui, Hannaan Choudhry, Mona Kaleem; Trends in the perception of race and gender within ophthalmology research. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2023;64(8):5372.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Purpose : In recent years, there has been a push in medicine to decrease race and gender disparities. In our study, we analyze bibliometric trends on the perception of gender and race in the field of ophthalmology.

Methods : The PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science databases were queried between January 2000 and June 2022. Custom terms including “woman,” "ophthalmology,” and “race” were inputted in the advanced search of each database to screen relevant publications. Article publication year, authors, journal, citations, institution, and country were collected. Areas of focus were classified as history/biographies, career analysis, pay gap, recruitment/retention, scholarly productivity, training, and disparities. Data extracted was averaged for gender articles, race articles, and both. The citations per year, total citations, and article age were compared using Pearson’s correlation and Spearman’s test.

Results : Ninety eight articles were analyzed including 67 articles on gender and 31 articles on race. Research on gender and race in ophthalmology has increased from 2000-2022 (Figure 1).Citations per year were associated with total citations (r=0.814; p<0.001) and the age of both race and gender articles (r=0.225, p=0.03. Additionally, the age of the articles on race correlated with citations (r=0.367, p=0.04). Amongst journals, JAMA Ophthalmology had the most publications with fifteen articles and 143 citations. The United States published 56 articles with 749 citations, the highest of any country. Additionally, the University of Toronto was the most productive institution with five articles on race and gender and 58 citations. Amongst articles ongender, sixteen articles with 412 citations pertained to scholarly productivity, the most published topic. However, disparities were the most popular focus for race with ten articles and 196 citations.

Conclusions : These trends in publication may reflect the increased awareness for in recent years. Nevertheless, further work needs to be performed to evaluate factors that can overcome barriers in race and gender within ophthalmology.

This abstract was presented at the 2023 ARVO Annual Meeting, held in New Orleans, LA, April 23-27, 2023.


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