June 2023
Volume 64, Issue 8
Open Access
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   June 2023
Choroidal thickness comparison between deep learning and multilayer segmentation
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Julian Bolter
    Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc., Dublin, California, United States
  • Thomas Callan
    Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc., Dublin, California, United States
  • Homayoun Bagherinia
    Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc., Dublin, California, United States
  • Jie Lu
    University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States
  • Yingying Shi
    University of Miami Health System Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, Miami, Florida, United States
  • Philip J Rosenfeld
    University of Miami Health System Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, Miami, Florida, United States
  • Ruikang K Wang
    University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships   Julian Bolter Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc., Code E (Employment); Thomas Callan Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc., Code E (Employment); Homayoun Bagherinia Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc., Code E (Employment); Jie Lu None; Yingying Shi None; Philip Rosenfeld Annexon, Apellis, Bayer, Boehringer-Ingelheim, Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc., , Chengdu Kanghong Biotech, InflammX, Ocudyne, Regeneron, Unity Biotechnology, Code C (Consultant/Contractor), Alexion, Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc. , Gyroscope Therapeutics, Stealth BioTherapeutics, Code F (Financial Support), Apellis, Ocudyne, Valitor, Verana Health, Code I (Personal Financial Interest); Ruikang Wang CarlZeiss Meditec, Inc. , Code C (Consultant/Contractor), CarlZeiss Meditec, Inc., Colgate Palmolive Company, Estee Lauder Inc, Code F (Financial Support), US8,750,586, US8,180,134, US9,282,905, US9,759,544, US 10,354,378, US10,529,061, Code P (Patent)
  • Footnotes
    Support  None
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science June 2023, Vol.64, 1119. doi:
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      Julian Bolter, Thomas Callan, Homayoun Bagherinia, Jie Lu, Yingying Shi, Philip J Rosenfeld, Ruikang K Wang; Choroidal thickness comparison between deep learning and multilayer segmentation. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2023;64(8):1119.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Purpose : Segmentation of the choroid layer in optical coherence tomography (OCT) continues to be valuable in the analysis of retinal diseases. A novel approach using deep learning (DL) to identify the choroidal-scleral junction (CSJ) was previously described by Bagherinia [IOVS 2022; 63(7):2060]. A similar approach was used to segment Bruch's membrane (BM). This study utilizes a DL and multilayer segmentation (MLS) algorithm to compare performance to manual choroidal segmentation using choroidal thickness.

Methods : Patients were scanned with the Angio 12 mm x 12 mm x 3 mm scan (500 x 500 x 1536 pixels) on the PLEX® Elite 9000 (ZEISS, Dublin, CA) swept-source OCT. 35 scans from 28 patients (one or both eyes) were used, all patients had retinal disease and most had age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Choroidal thickness maps (CTM) were generated and defined as the distance between the BM and the CSJ (Fig. 1). The CTM based on manual segmentation was compared to the CTM generated by DL and MLS algorithms. The performance of the algorithm was reported using correlation between manual and automated methods for each subfield of the ETDRS grid (Fig. 2). Regression plots of the central subfield were reported.

Results : Figure 2 shows the ETDRS grid and the choroidal thickness correlations for 35 datasets between manual and DL/MLS. Significant correlation (>0.85) between manual and automated measurements can be found in most ETDRS subfields. Overall, the DL method performs better than MLS. This is especially true in the nasal region where the optic nerve head (ONH) creates a challenge for layer segmentation.

Conclusions : In this study we compared DL and MLS algorithms for segmenting the choroid. The DL algorithm performed better than MLS algorithm, particularly in the ONH region, when compared to reference manual segmentations. DL-based segmentation may improve automatic choroidal thickness calculation and may be a valuable diagnostic tool for retinal diseases.

This abstract was presented at the 2023 ARVO Annual Meeting, held in New Orleans, LA, April 23-27, 2023.

 

 

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